Basics

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Required Reading – Basic Chemistry You Need To Know.  

  1. Measurement BASICS:  Measuring, significant figures, scientific notation, 3 temperature scales, unit conversion math AKA: dimensional analysis.

  2. Matter BASICS:  Matter, elements, compounds, phases, physical properties, separating mixtures, chemical vs. physical changes, symbols and counting atoms, particle diagrams, Law of Conservation of Matter (conservation of mass), TOPIC-B.

  3. Atomic Structure BASICS:  Models of the atom, atomic theory, protons, neutrons & electrons, the gold foil experiment, isotopes, spectra, and intro to periodic table of elements.

  4. Compounds BASICS:  Ions, Ionic and Molecular compounds, Polyatomic Ions, Transitional Metal Cations, the properties of metals vs. non-metals, electron configurations, naming compounds.

  5. Mole BASICS: The chemical Mole, percent composition by mass, and empirical formulas.

  6. Reactions BASICS:  The five basic chemical reactions, balancing equations, catalysts, along with the Activity Series and the Guidelines for Aqueous Solutions tables.

  7. Stoichiometry BASICS:  How to Island Hop and not get eaten by the Mole Shark; or balanced chemical reactions and the chemistry math that comes from them.

  8. Phases BASICS:  How substances exist at different pressures and temperatures; melting & freezing, boiling and condensing, sublimating & deposition; phase diagrams, pressure conversion problems.

  9. Thermo-Chemistry BASICS:  How heat is measured into and out of reactions, & how water reacts to gaining or losing specific amounts of heat. the Heats of Reaction table and also food calories as measurable units of energy.

  10.  Gas BASICS:  The combined gas law, Boyle’s law, direct vs. inversely proportional  relationships and graphs, solving gas problems.

  11.  Trends of the Periodic Table BASICS:  The Periodic Table & all of the “hidden” meanings of the columns, rows, numbers and letters.  The table shows trends, or ways that the elements relate to each other with many properties.

  12.  Bonding BASICS:  Molecular, ionic, and metallic bonding. Lewis Dot diagrams, octet rules, and some exceptions to molecular bonding rules.  Molecular Polarity vs. Bond Polarity.

  13. Skip this one, okay?

  14. Water BASICS:  Water, in every phase, hydrogen bonding and 2 more inter-molecular attractions.  The three colligative properties, plus the Solubility Guidelines graphs.

  15.  Solutions BASICS:  Solution formation, concentration of solutions, molarity, then parts per million, diluting solutions using the dilution formula, and how much the colligative properties are affected by the amounts of dissolved particles.

  16. Kinetics BASICS:  Potential energy diagrams, positive and negative  ∆H, activation energy, catalysts, and LeChatelier’s Principle, Dynamic Equilibrium, Entropy, Collision Theory, Factors Affecting Rates of Chemical Reactions, etc.

  17.  Acid Base BASICS:  Arrhenius theory and the BrØnsted-Lowry theory, acid base indicators, and the pH scale, dissociation of acids & bases, acid base neutralization reactions, titration math.

  18.  Redox BASICS:  How batteries work, rechargeable batteries, oxidation and reduction half reactions, drawing batteries, voltaic and electrolytic cells, electroplating, oxidation numbers, half reactions, net ionic equations, etc.

  19.  Organic Chemistry BASICS:  alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, functional groups, organic chemical reactions (addition, substitution, saponification, esterification, and polymerization),  isomers, naming organic molecules, and: alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, organic acids, amines, amides, amino acids, halides, esters, and more.

  20.  Nuclear BASICS:  Radioisotopes and half life, types of radioactive particles and energy, natural transmutation and their equations, artificial transmutation, nuclear power, nuclear bombs, nuclear energy pro’s and con’s, medical uses for radiation, etc.